A wheel loader is used to carry loose materials with the help of a bucket mounded on the front. It comes with a hydraulic steering system and long-lasting tires for easy maneuverability.
It is better to go for hydraulic rather than automatic as it permits the front and back axles to load more weight.
Types of Wheel Loader
There are two types of wheel loaders:
1- Light wheel loaders: They are small in size and are useful to transport light materials. You can use them for agricultural purposes. There are two kinds of small wheel loaders present in the market:
Compact wheel loaders: They offer the highest productivity in compact places with the attached tools.
Small wheel loaders: They are recommended for working in small places like compact wheel loaders but are comparatively flexible.
2- Heavy wheel loaders: They are used for industrial material transport. They come decked with scoop loaders, backhoe as well as a bucket.
They have strong engine to carry material from one location to another. They are also useful in removing snow from areas with heavy snowfall. There are two types of heavy wheel loaders present in the market:
Medium wheel loaders: They offer ease of operation and lower the operating expenses thereby offering higher productivity.
Large wheel loaders: They come with strong engines and are used for industrial purposes.
Benefits of a Wheel Loader
· One of the benefits of a wheel loader is that it functions as an earthmover in the construction industry.
It is useful to lift the rock, sand, gravel, and everything. It can easily transfer anything from one place to another with simple machine control. It can also clear the debris and rubble from construction sites and clean the area.
· It is also useful in agricultural fields. It allows you to carry the crop and waste from one place to another in bulk.
· The front loaders are useful in removing snow from areas which experience heavy snowfall.
· It is also helpful in digging but it may not be able to dig very deep.
· You can use it to remove piles of garbage from one place and move it to the dumping site.
The compact wheel loaders are light in weight and simple to use. They can easily be used in narrow areas and can be transferred simply by getting load at the back of a carrier truck.
Lastly, you don’t need too much training to control them. Thanks to all the wheel loader manuals available online, they are simple to use and easy to control.
Tips for Maintaining Wheel Loaders Properly
Check before you start the machine- Find out if all the parts are functioning properly. Also, check the pressure of the tire, any possible damage, oil leaks, or battery problem. Also, see if the mirrors are adjusted appropriately.
After the machine has started- Allow the engine to warm up for 10 minutes. It lubricates the engine parts in a better way. Make sure the readings are fine. Look for the brake and other functioning components.
See if there aren’t any unusual sounds. Make sure you maintain the capacity of the bucket and never overload. Overloading lowers the efficacy of the machine and damages its important parts like tires.
Before you’re done- remove all the dirt and rubble from the machine and re-fill the tank.
Online you can find more information on how to repair your wheel loader properly in detail. Make sure you check these details for maintaining your loader best.
What to Consider when Buying a Wheel Loader?
Hydraulic flow: It is essential to know about the pressure and volume of hydraulic flow you need. A lot of producers provide standard and optional hydraulic system.
A standard flow ranging from 17 to 24gmp runs buckets and grapple while high-flow systems ranging from 30 to 40gpm work with snow blowers and mulchers. The higher the hydraulic flow, the better will be the performance.
Load capacity: The attachment of the wheel loader is of grave importance. It is the amount of load the bucket can lift.
Measured in cubic yards- a compact a wheel loader can lift around 2-3 cubic yards while a medium and large loader can carry around 20 cubic yards. The size of the bucket depends on the engine output, weight of the machine, and hydraulic flow capacity.
Lift height: The lift height of the wheel loader is synced with its weight and size.
While compact loaders have short lifts to load pallets or potted plants, larger loaders can extend to the height of dumping trucks. In simple words, it means a small machine can lift a bucket to 10 ft. in the air while a medium machine can go as high as 14 ft.
Linkage configuration: There are two kinds of linkages- Z bar and parallel lift. Z-bar, being the common type adds to the breakout digging force of the wheel loader while parallel lift offers high visibility and better control at the time of lift.
The selection of the linkage system depends on how you are going to use the machine.